Gardening Guide

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Monthly Gardening Tips (Conventional & Organic) – February

This is a Great Time to Plant!

• Trees and shrubs so they will be established by summer. Avoid planting cold-tender plants such as: gardenia, oleander, and non-cold hardy palms. Transplant existing shrubs/trees that need relocating.
• Pecan and fruit trees, blackberries, and grapevines.
• Candytuft, hellebores, pansies, snapdragons, phlox, stock, dianthus, oxalis, heuchera & more for color.
• Herbs & cool-season vegetables such as onions, potatoes, asparagus, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, lettuce, artichokes, spinach & more.

• Trees as needed to remove mistletoe, dead or damaged limbs, and unwanted roots–limit removal to 1 or 2 significant roots each year. Don’t “top” crape myrtles & trees. Good time to prune Oaks to avoid Oak Wilt.
• Shrubs/vines needing heavy shearing/re-shaping (not spring flowering shrubs/vines e.g., spirea, azaleas, hydrangea, quince, forsythia, Caroline Jessamine, wisteria, which can be pruned after they finish blooming).
• Groundcovers: Asian jasmine, mondograss, and liriope to remove old and damaged growth. Scalp lawn late in the month.
• Rose bushes up to 50-60% and climbers according to variety. Remove diseased/dead branches from all roses.
• Fruit trees to encourage stronger limbs. Remove vertical shoots to 10’ on peaches/plums before buds swell.
• Grapes to remove 80% to 85% of their cane growth.

• Container plants, beds, shrubs & trees as needed to keep healthy and before a freeze to reduce damage. To improve water retention, add Soil Moist & Expanded Shale (or Covington’s Soil Builder) when planting.
• Top dress landscape/flower beds with a 2-3 inch layer of mulch to help retain moisture, reduce weeds and maintain soil temperature. Keep frost cloth on hand & cover tender plants to protect from freezing weather.
• Trees installed for less than two years must have special care to ensure a strong and healthy root system. See our Plant Article on Tree Care for the First Two Years  or come by and pick one up.


• Annual & perennial flowers with Covington’s Premium Flower & Garden Fertilizer or Hi-Yield Blood and Bone Meal.
• Newly planted trees and shrubs every 3-4 weeks for the first year with Ferti.lome Root Stimulator.
• Houseplants with Ferti.lome 20-20-20 Water Soluble Plant Food.
• Existing ryegrass and fescue with high nitrogen Covington’s Premium Lawn Fertilizer 21-7-14
• Pecans at bud break with Hi-Yield Zinc Sulfate.
• Herbs and vegetables with Covington’s Premium Flower & Garden Fertilizer or Ferti.lome Gardeners Special.

• For grassy & some broadleaf weeds, apply Hi-Yield Dimension pre-emergent now to prevent most spring/summer weeds; use ferti.lome Gallery pre-emergent for dandelion & tough broadleaf weeds.
• Spot treat broadleaf weeds such as dandelion, henbit & clover in St. Augustine or Bermuda grass with ferti.lome Weed Free Zone (effective to 40º).
• Spot treat nutsedge and crabgrass with Bonide Sedge Ender.
• Keep fallen leaves off your lawn—they compact and trap moisture which can lead to turf diseases. Apply Bonide Infuse to St. Augustine for fungal infections such as Green Leaf Spot & Brown Patch. For added protection, spread ½ inch layer of Canadian Brown Sphagnum Peat Moss on infected area & water in.
• To prevent crown rot in palms, drench the heart of the palm with Ferti.lome Systemic Fungicide after the cold snap is over.  Use same product for powdery mildew, disease & fungi on hawthorn, photinias, roses, etc.
• Start spray program for fruit and nut trees. Use ferti.lome Triple Action or Bonide Fruit Tree Sprays.

• Control aphids, spider mites, mealy bugs, other problem insects with Bonide Systemic Insecticide.
• For fungus gnats in houseplants, use Hi-Yield Systemic Insect Granules.
• For best control of scale use Hi-Yield Dormant Oil Spray or Bonide All Seasons Spray Oil.
• Kill borers in trunks of trees with Ferti.lome or Bonide Systemic Insect Drench which protects for months.
• For rabbits, use Rabbit Scram and/or Bonide Repels-All Spray.
• Use Hi-Yield Fire Ant Control on fire ant mounds and infestations.


• Newly planted trees and shrubs with Liquid Fish & Seaweed to help prevent transplant shock, increase beneficial microorganisms, and encourage root development.
• Flowers, perennials, and roses with Happy Frog Acid Loving Fertilizer.
• Turf, shrubs & trees with Good Natured Texas 2-Step Fertilizer; or use Natural Guard All Purpose 4-4-4 for shrubs and trees.
• Vegetable gardens with Happy Frog Tomato & Vegetable fertilizer.
• Use Corn Gluten Meal 9-0-0 to feed turf and prevent weeds. Also spread Dry Molasses to enhance weed control and encourage healthy soil.
• Apply Garrett Juice Plus once a month to your landscape to increase beneficial micro-organisms in the soil and to reduce the need for water.
• Add Texas Greensand for deep greening in lawns, trees and landscape plants.

• Spot treat grassy and broadleaf weeds with 20% Vinegar. Add 2 oz. of Orange Oil per gallon of vinegar during warmer days to enhance the kill on weeds and grasses.
• Keep fallen leaves off your lawn—they compact and trap moisture which can lead to turf diseases. Apply Horticultural Corn Meal on landscape plants and vegetables for disease control.

• Use Mosquito Bits Granules containing BTI for fungus gnats in house plants.
• Use ferti.lome Come and Get It Spinosad Bait for protection from fire ants. To treat individual fire ant mounds, use 3 to 4 ounces of Orange Oil per gallon of water as a drench.
• Spray Orange Oil in areas infested with pillbugs, sow bugs, ants and spiders.
• For cabbage loopers on cole crops, use Natural Guard BT at dusk or Spinosad.
• For bugs & fungus use ferti.lome Triple Action Plus containing Neem Oil. Safe to use on fruit trees.
• Protect ripening fruit from birds with Bird X Netting.
• Spray Bonide All Season Oil for scale on holly, crape myrtles & fruit trees.
• Control slugs & snails with Bonide Slug Magic or Sluggo Plus with Spinosad.
• Use Diatomaceous Earth for crawling insects.
• Use eco-friendly Armadillo Repellant in a convenient hose end sprayer to get rid of armadillos.
• Use Rabbit Scram and/or Bonide Repels-All Spray to deter pesky flower-mulching rabbits.

This is a great time to plant trees and shrubs, and our Garden Center is open 7 days a week to assist you with all of your plant wants and needs so you can be successful in your garden and landscape.


Call our Landscape Services Team at (972) 475-5888 Ext. 5 for the following if you’d rather have our experts do the work for you:

  • Landscape design & installation
  • Irrigation services (LI21683)
  • Lawn, tree & shrub fertilization
  • Weed, disease, and insect control